08 Oct

ISO 45001:2018 – Clause 8: Operation

ISO 45001 – Clause 8: Operation

This clause provides guidance on the operational planning and control requirements relating to the OH&S management system.

This clause encompasses the following:

  • Operational planning and control;
  • Eliminating hazards and reducing OH&S risks;
  • Management of change;
  • Procurement;
  • Emergency preparedness and response.
Clause 8.1: Operational Planning and Control

Clause 8.1.1: General

Once it has gained an understanding of its OH&S hazards, the organisation should implement the operational controls that are necessary to manage the associated risks and comply with applicable OH&S legal requirements.

Operational planning and control of the processes are established and implemented to enhance occupational health and safety, by eliminating hazards or, if not practicable, by reducing the OH&S risks to levels as low as reasonably practicable for all relevant operational areas and activities.

The organisation can plan, implement and control its operational processes by establishing operating criteria and control the processes in accordance with these operating criteria. The operational controls selected should be maintained and evaluated periodically for their continuing effectiveness.

Examples of operational control of processes include:

  • Use of procedures, work instructions, process maps and systems of work;
  • Monitoring key characteristics and stipulated operating criteria;
  • Ensuring the competence of workers;
  • Establishing preventive or predictive maintenance and inspection programmes;
  • Developing specifications for the procurement of goods and services;
  • Applying controls related to contractors and other visitors to the workplace;
  • Ensuring compliance with legal and other requirements or manufacturers’ instructions for equipment;
  • Applying engineering and administrative controls;
  • Adapting work to workers by defining or re-defining how the work is organised, processes and working environments or by adopting an ergonomic approach when designing new, or modifying workplaces, equipment, etc.

When planning and developing operational controls, priority should be given to controls with higher reliability in preventing work-related injury and ill health.

Examples of processes needed include, but are not limited to those for:

  • Consultation and participation of workers;
  • Hazard identification and risk and opportunity assessment;
  • Determination of, and compliance with, legal and other requirements;
  • Planning, implementing and maintaining OH&S objectives;
  • Training;
  • Communication;
  • Control of documented information;
  • Management of change;
  • Procurement;
  • Contractor management;
  • Outsourcing;
  • Emergency preparedness and response;
  • Monitoring, measurement, analysis and performance evaluation;
  • Internal audits;
  • Management review;
  • Incident investigation;
  • Nonconformity and corrective action.

The organisation must co-ordinate the relevant parts of its OH&S management system with those of any other organisations with which it shares its workplace.

The organisation needs to maintain and retain documented information to the extent necessary to have confidence that the processes will be carried out as planned.

Clause 8.1.2: Eliminating Hazards and Reducing OH&S Risks

The organisation should apply the hierarchy of control measures for the elimination of hazards and the reduction of OH&S risks.   The hierarchy of controls provides a structured approach to eliminating hazards and reducing or controlling OH&S risks. This approach involves prioritising control actions in a sequential manner. Each control is considered less effective than the one above it. It is customary to combine several controls in order to effectively reduce the OH&S risks to a level that is as low as reasonably practicable.